STRUCTURED INVENTIVE THINKING

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

i            Preface

                        The Missing Link

                        Techniques for solving technical problems

                        Creative thinking

                        Intrigue

                        Conceptual solutions for conceptual problems

                        Audience

ii            Acknowledgments                                                                              

iii         Table of Contents

iv         SIT Flowchart                                           

v          Table of Example Problems                                                 

 

 

PART I                       PRINCIPLES of STRUCTURED INVENTIVE THINKING

 

1            Introduction                                                                          

                        Solving problems

                        How do you solve problems?

                        Base-line exercise.

                        Who needs SIT?

                        Success with SIT

                        Layout of the book.

 

2          History of Structured Inventive Thinking                              

                        Origin of the Theory of Solving Inventive Problems

                        Origin of Systematic Inventive Thinking

                        Origin of Structured Inventive Thinking

 

3            Overview of Structured Inventive Thinking                            

                        What SIT is

                        Confinement --> Creativity

                        Adapting to SIT

                        What SIT is not

                        SIT in Summary

 

4            Demonstration of Structured Inventive Thinking

                        Collection of information and problem statement

                                    The Ice Removal Problem

                        Selection of objects

                        SIT: The Closed-World Method

                                    Closed-world diagram

                                    Technological contradiction and the qualitative-change graph

                        SIT: The Particles Method

                                    Problem Situation-to-Ideal Solution Process

                                    Application of Particles

                                    The And/Or tree

                        SIT: Objects, Attributes and Functions

                                    Objects, Attributes and Functions

                        SIT: Object-Attribute-Function Expanded CW-Diagram

                        SIT: Solution Techniques

                                    Uniqueness

                                    Dimensionality

                                    Unification

                                    Pluarlization

                                    Generification of solutions

                        Conclusions

                        Comments on Root Cause

                        Example Problem

 

5            Information                                                               

                        Define the Problem

                        The One-Problem Target of SIT

                                    What is the problem?

                        Ill Defined and Well Defined Problems

                        Misleading Demonstration Problems

                        The INFORMATION stage of the SIT process

                                    The One-Problem Target

                                    Filters

                                    Conceptualization

                                    The Graphic Statement

                                    Elevation to a Puzzle

                        Example #__ The mountain climbing monk.

                        Example #__ The Bicycle Transmission Invention

                        A “Flowery” Picture

                        The Level of the Puzzle

                        Exercises

6          Objects                                                                                   

                        Tangible Components of a Problem

                        Fewer is Better

                        The Closed-world of Objects

                        Definition of Objects

                        Selection of a List of Objects

                        The Bicycle Transmission Problem Continued

                        Example: Selection of Objects in a Packing Operation

                        The Two Algorithms of SIT

                        Exercises

 

7          The Closed-World Algorithm                                            

                        The Closed-world diagram

                                    Object connectivity

                                    Rules for object connectivity

                                    Neighborhood and Environmental objects

                                    Compound objects

                                    Finding the most important object

                                    "Desired Effect" lies in the eye of the beholder

                                    No unique CW-diagram

                        Example: The Ball-Point Pen Problem

                        Limited Object Sets

                        Exercise: List of Objects and CW-Diagram

                        The Qualitative-Change Graph

                                    Technical Contradiction

                                    A Qualitative-Change in a Problem Characteristic

                                    Example of a Qualitative-Change Graph

                        Exercise: Qualitative Changes in Problem Characteristics

 

8.         The particles-method algorithm                    

                        Magical Particles

                        A Graphic Procedure

                        The Ideal Solution or Invention

                        Exercise: Ideal Solutions

                        The Solution Path Analysis

                        Metamorphosis from the Problem Situation to the Solution

                        Example of a Morph Cartoon

                        When Time is a Factor

                        Placement of Particles

                        From “Smart Little People” to “Particles”

                        Applying Particles

                        Examples of Particle’s Placements

                        Preferred Particles Locations

                        The And/Or Tree

                        Initiation/Termination of Particles          

                        Example of the Roughened Ball Continued

                        The Particle’s Properties Lists

                        Example of the Roughened Ball Continued

                        Example: The Ear Wax Problem

 

9.            Objects, Attributes, and Functions                         

                        An Object, Attribute, Function Pseudo-Space

                        Purpose of Expanded CW-Diagrams

                        What is it -- an Object, an Attribute, or a Function?

                        Definitions of Objects Their Attributes, Metrics and Functions

                        Examples of Objects, Attributes, Metrics and Functions         

                        Forces, Fields and Energy

                        Motion and Flow

                        Heat -- an Object, an Attribute, a Function, or the Imperfect Metaphor?

                        Example of Attribute Created Information

                        Need of an Object-Attribute-Function Expanded CW-Diagram

                        Example of Development of an Expanded CW-Diagram -- 1st Stage

                        Construction of an Expanded CW-Diagram

                        Example of Development of an Expanded CW-Diagram -- 2nd Stage

                        Example Problem:  “A Physicist’s Clock” -- Analysis of a Simple Pendulum

                                    Illustrating the Roles of Objects, Attributes and Functions.

                        Exercises

 

10.            Solution Techniques                                                  

                        Five Solution Techniques

                        Uniqueness: An Investigation of Temporal and Spatial Distinction

                                    Temporal uniqueness

                                    Temporal treatments

                                    Spatial uniqeness

                                    Spatial treatments

                                    Object/Attribute uniqueness

                                    Uniqueness solution ploys

                                    Examples of uniqueness

                        Dimensionality: An attack on attributes

                                    Examples of dimensionality

                        Pluralization: An attack on objects

                                    Examples of pluralization

                        Unification: An attack on functions

                                    Examples of unification

                        Resources for inventive solutions

                        Heuristics

                        Solution Templates

                        The Ice-Block Removal Problem Revisitd for Solution Templates

                        Transduction Phenomena

                        SIT Transduction

                        A Glass/Mercury Thermometer

                        The Ice-Block Removal Problem Continued:

                        Examples of Transduction Phenomena

                        Transduction is a Function

                        Transduction Analysis

                        Exercise

 

 

11.            Generification -- a SIT process                                               

                        Generification reduces psychological barriers            

                        Solution space

                        The Generic World

                        Problem Generification

                                    The butter patty melting problem

                        Information Generification

                        Object Generification

                        Attribute Generification

                        Function Generification

                                    Examples of function generification

                        Solution Technique Generification

                        Transducer Generification

                        Solution Generification

                        Summary

 

12         Single-Object Functional analysis                                              

                        The One-Object Situation

                        Focus on Functions

                        The Functional-Analysis Diagram

                        Example of A Single-Object Functional Analysis

                                    Improving a product

                                    Select an object

                                    Define the object

                                    Uses for a knob

                                    Functions of a knob

                                    Construction of a functional diagram for a knob

                                    Attributes Associated by Knob Functions

                        From a Single-Object Functional Analysis to Solution Techniques

                        Summary of Knob Solution Concepts

                        Exercise:

 

13            Contradictions                                                                       

                        Altshuller’s Use of Contradictions

                        Israeli’s Use of Problem Characteristics

                        SIT’s Use of Contradictions

                        Methods for Developing Technological Contradictions

                        Examples of Constructing SIT Technological Contradictions

                                    The lens polisher problem

                                    The light-bulb filament problem

                        Qualitative-Change Graphs vs Constituent-Contradiction Graphs

                        Exercises

 

PART II                      Example Problems

 

Introduction

Key to example problems

Example 01: *The lunar and/or head lamp                                     

Example 02: *The forty-ton press                                       

Example 03: The Butter-Patty Melting Problem                        

Example 04: Solutions for the Ear Wax Problem                                   

Example 05:The Case Hardening Problem                                   

Example 06: The Vapor Cannister Problem                                               

Example 07: The "Smart" Headlamp Problem                                   

Example 08: The Toast Detector Problem                                   

Software security

Experimental timer                                                                            

The picture hanging kit                                                                   

 

13.            Potpourri Wrap-Up                                                     

            1. The Industrial Experience

            2. The First SIT Lecture

            3. A First SIT Problem

            4. Does SIT Work?

            5. Introducing SIT Into a Corporation

            6. Motivation for this Book

 

 

APPENDICES

 

            APPENDIX 1.            Principal Functions                            

                        A Door Hinge

                        A Lead Pencil

            APPENDIX 2.   Two-Attribute-Function Associations                

                                                                Thermal Energy Content

                                                                Heat Flow

                                                                Gravitational Force

                                                                Potential Energy

                                                                Hall Effect

                                                                Thompson Effect

 

               Bibliography                                                              

 

               Glossary                                                                     

 

            Index